History of Turkish Occupation of Northern Kurdista

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History of Turkish Occupation of Northern Kurdistan


Eric jensen
Poli. Sci. (Third World Politics)
11/27/96
History of Turkish Occupation of Northern Kurdistan.
Since 1984, and especially the last few months, the domestic problems of a
major N.A.T.O, Middle Eastern, and American ally state have come to the
forefront of the international news scene. That state is the Republic of Turkey
and it's primary troubles stem from the past seven decades of acrimonious
policies directed at the indigenous ethnic Kurds. The main problem, now, is the
Kurdish popular insurgency on it's hands, in Turkish occupied Northern
Kurdistan. The Kurdish question has long been covered up and denied by the
state of Turkey, but recent events has forced Turkey to concede that it has a
serious Kurdish insurgency on its hands. Turkey's inability to deal with this
situation is the result of the past seventy years of cultural, political, and
human rights abuses directed against the Kurdish population. In fact, this
"separatism" is so out of hand that the Turkish government has incessantly
appealed to it's allies and advisories alike to help counter the escalating
Kurdish asperation to succeed from the Turkish republic. Turkey's sputtering
and deteriorating economy is directly related to the long Kurdish struggle for
independence. Turkey has spent over eight billion dollars or twenty percent of
her GDP to combat the ever deteriorating predicament in northern Kurdistan, and
should spend more in the future(Laber). Because of the violence, the once
prosperous tourist business of Turkey, has now lost about $1.5 billion dollars
annually since 1990. Many people now talk openly of another possible military
coup, there were three major military coups during the last thirty years
(Alister) These circumstances in the state of Turkey have also hurt her
chances of ever joining the ever wealthy European Union and battering its
ailing economic situation. The depth of Turkey's domestic and ethnic dilemma is
one of the many that have arisen after the end of the cold war, yet the cold
war is a simple answer to a much more complex one. The factors that have arisen
to contribute to this civil war were created far before Capitalism versus
Communism, East versus West, or U.S versus the Soviet Union. In order to really
comprehend the holistic situation in Turkey one must first be familiar with
the complete history of the Turks and Kurds.
The Kurds of Turkey constitutes, by far, the largest ethnic minorit...